The first reporting guideline, and most widely used, is the CONSORT statement, which provides guidance on how to report randomized controlled trials (RCTS) with human subjects. Guidelines tend to be focused on a particular study design such as randomized controlled trials, observational studies, diagnostic tests evaluation and systematic reviews. Most reporting guidelines were written with human study participants in mind, and an incredibly extensive collection of reporting guidelines is available at the EQUATOR network. However, sometimes it can be difficult for researchers to translate the concepts or ideas in a reporting guideline to their own setting – particularly when animals are the subjects of the study. Therefore reporting guidelines specific to animals have been developed and we have gathered them into one location.
The rationale for the particular guidelines might be to a) promote improved reporting in an area using more relevant language or terms, and/or b) to address particular issues relevant to animal studies such as housing. Because the design issues are common, it is not necessary to use reporting guidelines based on animals. For example, authors can use the CONSORT statement to guide how the report randomized controlled trials in animal studies. The animal specific guidelines, however, might have the advantage of having more relevant language and more relevant examples. If you are the author of guideline that you think is relevant to MERIDIAN please contact us.